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Sinus Infections Caused by Fungus

Sinus Cavities

Sinus Cavities

Inflammation of the para-nasal sinuses, medically known as “Sinusitis” or “Rhino-sinusitis”, can be due to infection or allergy. Sinus infection is caused by either bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
Viral Sinus Infection always last for only short period then disappears.

Bacterial Sinus Infection is treated with antibiotics which carry the dangers of killing both useful and harmful bacteria. While it is effective in fighting bacterial infections, antibiotics are also responsible for allowing fungus to grow and upset body flora balance. If antibiotics are used too often for things they can’t treat — like colds, flu or other viral or fungal infections — not only are they of no benefit, they become less effective against bacteria.

Fungal Sinus Infection is the most ignored, but it is in most cases the tricky culprit. Fungal infections are responsible for a long list of very serious diseases and disorders. Fungi can invade various organs and switch between them. They cause great damages to the immune system. Fungal infections can be wiped out with anti-fungal diet (Take and Avoid certain foods), and anti-fungal medication, such as Triazoles. Taking anti-fungal medication and pro-biotic food is necessary on a regular basis especially after taking any course of antibiotic.

Treating fungal infections must be considered the first and most important line of action before considering any antibiotic medication.

Benefits of Pumpkin Seeds

Benefits of Pumpkin Seeds

Benefits of Pumpkin Seeds

1. They’re high in the sleep-enhancing amino acid tryptophan that converts to serotonin in your body and helps ensure a good night’s sleep;
2. They’re also high in the heart-healing mineral magnesium, which is also Nature’s natural relaxant;
3. They’re high levels of easily-digestible protein helps stabilize blood sugar when eaten as a snack throughout the day. Stable blood sugar means weight loss if you’re trying to lose.
4. High in Omega 3s, pumpkin seed oil has been shown in studies to reduce the incidence of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)—a condition in which the prostate gland becomes enlarged.
5. Pumpkin seeds are also high in the prostate-protecting mineral zinc, making these seeds the ultimate snack for men’s health.
6. They’re a good source of blood-building and energy-boosting iron.
7. In animal studies, when pumpkin seeds were added to the diet, the anti-inflammatory results were comparable to the effectiveness of the drug indomethacin—without the side-effects.
8. Their phytosterol compounds are believed to lower cholesterol levels. Of nuts and seeds, pumpkin seeds have the second highest amount of sterols (next to sunflower seeds and pistachios which tied for first).
9. Pumpkin seeds are an excellent source of fiber which helps keep you regular.
10. They are alkalizing to the body’s pH. Many snack foods are acid-forming in the body. Acidity has been linked to pain, illness, and even cancer.
To preserve the health benefits of the oils found in pumpkin seeds, eat them raw or roast them on a baking sheet on low heat in the oven (about 170 degrees F or 75 degrees Celsius) for 15-20 minutes. Toss with a sprinkling of sea salt and enjoy. If you haven’t tried them warm, you’re in for a real treat! Add raw pumpkin seeds to salads, dips, or ground in pesto.

Pumpkin seeds were discovered by archaeologists in caves in Mexico that date back to 7,000 B.C.
North American tribes were the very first to observe the particular miracle in pumpkin seeds. Pumpkins and their seeds were an important Native American Indian food used for their dietary and medicinal properties.
Pumpkin seeds are called pepitas in Mexico and they are a trademark of Mexican cuisine.
Pumpkin seeds were very popular in ancient Greece.
The nutrition in pumpkin seeds improves with age; they are among the few foods that increase in nutritive value as they decompose. According to tests made at the Massachusetts Experimental Station, squash and pumpkin seeds stored for more than five months show a marked increase in protein content.
Pumpkin seeds are high in calories, about 559 calories per 100 g.
Are filled with lots of minerals including phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, iron and copper.
Are a good source of vitamin K.

Contain phytosterols, compounds that that have been shown to reduce levels of LDL cholesterol.
Contain L-tryptophan, which helps with good sleep and lowering depression. Tryptophan is converted into serotonin and niacin. Serotonin is also very helpful in helping us to have a good night’s sleep.
Are high in zinc, making them a natural protector against osteoporosis. Low intake of zinc is linked to higher rates of osteoporosis. In a study of almost 400 men (age from 45-92) published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition they found a correlation between low dietary intake of zinc, low blood levels of the trace mineral and osteoporosis at the hip and spine.
Are a good source vitamin E; they contain about 35.10 mg of tocopherol per 100 g.
Are the most alkaline-forming seed.
Are an excellent source of vitamin B group (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine) and folates).
Contain good quality protein. 100 g seeds provide 30 g.
According to studies, pumpkin seeds prevent calcium oxalate kidney stone formation.
Reduce inflammation for arthritis without the side effects of anti-inflammatory drugs.
Are used in many cultures as a natural treatment for tapeworms and other parasites.
Are good for prostate health! The oil in pumpkin seeds alleviates difficult urination that happens with an enlarged prostate.

Pumpkin seeds is best to be eaten raw after drying but it also taken as nut roast or roasted nut loaf
Seed Topping for Rice or Vegetables
Pudding
Smoothie
Green Raspberry Smoothie/Pudding

Pumpkin seeds have long been valued as a source of the mineral zinc, and the World Health Organization recommends their consumption as a good way of obtaining this nutrient. If you want to maximize the amount of zinc that you will be getting from your pumpkin seeds, we recommend that you consider purchasing them in unshelled form. Although recent studies have shown there to be little zinc in the shell itself (the shell is also called the seed coat or husk), there is a very thin layer directly beneath the shell called the endosperm envelope, and it is often pressed up very tightly against the shell. Zinc is especially concentrated in this endosperm envelope. Because it can be tricky to separate the endosperm envelope from the shell, eating the entire pumpkin seed—shell and all—will ensure that all of the zinc-containing portions of the seed will be consumed. Whole roasted, unshelled pumpkin seeds contain about 10 milligrams of zinc per 3.5 ounces, and shelled roasted pumpkin seeds (which are often referred to pumpkin seed kernels) contain about 7-8 milligrams. So even though the difference is not huge, and even though the seed kernels remain a good source of zinc, you’ll be able to increase your zinc intake if you consume the unshelled version.
While pumpkin seeds are not a highly rich source of vitamin E in the form of alpha-tocopherol (they come in 31st among our WHFoods in terms of their vitamin E richness), recent studies have shown that pumpkin seeds provide us with vitamin E in a wide diversity of forms. From any fixed amount of a vitamin, we are likely to get more health benefits when we are provided with that vitamin in all of its different forms. In the case of pumpkin seeds, vitamin E is found in all of the following forms: alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, delta-tocopherol, alpha-tocomonoenol, and gamma-tocomonoenol. These last two forms have only recently been discovered in pumpkin seeds, and their health benefits—including antioxidant benefits—are a topic of current interest in vitamin E research, since their bioavailability might be greater than some of the other vitamin E forms. The bottom line: pumpkin seeds’ vitamin E content may bring us more health benefits that we would ordinarily expect due to the diverse forms of vitamin E found in this food.
Roasting time for pumpkin seeds better be no more than 15-20 minutes when roasting at home. This recommendation supported by a new study that pinpointed 20 minutes as a threshold time for changes in pumpkin seed fats. In this recent study, pumpkin seeds were roasted in a microwave oven for varying lengths of time, and limited changes in the pumpkin seeds fat were determined to occur under 20 minutes. However, when the seeds were roasted for longer than 20 minutes, a number of unwanted changes in fat structure were determined to occur more frequently.

Nutrients in Pumpkin Seeds
Pumpkin seeds, dried,
Nutritional value per 100 g. (Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy……………….559 Kcal 28%
Carbohydrates…….10.71 g 8%
Protein……………….30.23 g 54%
Total Fat …………….49.05 g 164%
Cholesterol ………… 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber………. 6 g 16%
Vitamins
Folates………………..58 µg 15%
Niacin…………………4.987 mg 31%
Pantothenic acid…..0.750 mg 15%
Pyridoxine ………… 0.143 mg 11%
Riboflavin……………0.153 mg 12%
Thiamin………………0.273 mg 23%
Vitamin A ………….. 16 IU 0.5%
Vitamin C ……………1.9 µg 3%
Vitamin E-γ………….35.10 mg 237%
Electrolytes
Sodium………………. 7 mg 0.5%
Potassium ……………809 mg 17%
Minerals
Calcium ………………46 mg 4.5%
Copper ……………….1.343 mg 149%
Iron …………………..8.82 mg 110%
Magnesium …………592 mg 148%
Manganese………… 4.543 mg 198%
Phosphorus……….. 1233 mg 176%
Selenium…………… 9.4 µg 17%
Zinc …………………..7.81 mg 71%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-β …………….9 µg —
Crypto-xanthin-β…… 1 µg —
Lutein-zeaxanthin …..74 µg —

Benefits of Baking Soda / Sodium Bicarbonate

  • Treatment for: Urinary and genital infections
  • Removes vaginal infections and odors
  • All cancers and skin molds
  • Lungs infections; viral colds; & flue
  • Cleans intestines; abdomen; & colon
  • Removes stomach; intestines & blood acidity
  • Improves the immunity system
  • Eyes gingivitis; ears & nose infections
  • Stops renal failure; & reduces dialysis
  • Cleaner for ears; nose; gums; tonsils; & throat
  • Legal tonic for energy & for athletes
  • Used in vaginal washes; injuries; & ulcers
  • Disinfectant for hospitals; houses; & buildings
  • Disinfectant for clothes; bathes; & kitchens
  • Whitener for teeth; & for skin care
  • Dandruff & pimples remover
  • Clothes whitener & stains remover
  • Removes mouth, feet, & armpit odors

What To Do To Candida & Fungal Overgrowth?

foods-that-fight-candida

foods-that-fight-candida

I came across three very informative and helpful wesites regarding What To Do To Candida  & Fungal Overgrowth?

Candida Overgrowth

Candida Overgrowth

Here they are with their links:

How to Prevent Candida Overgrowth

From: wikihow.com

Candida is a type of yeast that naturally lives inside the body, but when there is an overgrowth of the yeast it can have a negative impact on the body’s immune system and cause various infections. Some of the symptoms of Candida are fatigue, gas and bloating, recurring yeast infections, abdominal pain, oral thrush, fungus, dizziness, depression and acne. There is a variety of factors that can lead to a Candida overgrowth, but in general it is caused by a weakened immune system, which cannot regulate the growth of Candida in the body. The immune system can be weakened by stress, illness and various medications. Here are a few steps on how to prevent Candida overgrowth.

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Sodium Bicarbonate Rich Man’s Poor Man’s Cancer Treatment

Sodium Bicarbonate Rich Man’s Poor Man’s Cancer Treatment

Sodium Bicarbonate Rich Man's Poor Man's Cancer Treatment

Sodium Bicarbonate Rich Man’s Poor Man’s Cancer Treatment

Written by Mark Sircus, AC., OMD published in 2009 / 251 pages

http://drsircus.com/books

Table of Contents

_ Preface _ Second Edition _ Wonder Drug _ Baking Soda -Every Cancer Patients Best Friend _ Cancer Intelligence _ A New Paradigm in Medicine _ Pancreas, Bicarbonate and Diabetes _ Diabetes and Cancer _ Cancer, Diabetes and Fungi Infections _ Radiation Medicine and Sodium Bicarbonate _ Reducing Radiation Damages with Bicarbonate _ Sodium Bicarbonate and Cancer _ What Do the Detractors of Bicarbonate Say? _ Oral Vs Intravenous _ Bicarbonate (Baking Soda) Cancer Treatment _ Sparkling Water’s Chemistry _ Carbon Dioxide _ Nebulizing Bicarbonate and other Medicinals _ Sodium Bicarbonate – Product Quality and Cost _ Warnings and Contraindications _ Sodium Bicarbonate as an Antiseptic _ Sodium Bicarbonate and pH Medicine _ Using Sodium Bicarbonate _ pH Controls Key Cellular Pathways _ Arm & Hammer Soda Company -Using Bicarbonate Against the Swine Flu _ Still Alive and Well – Confirmed Bicarbonate Cancer Cure _ Kidney Disease _ Sodium Thiosulfate _ Life and Death – Oxygen and Cancer _ Emotions, Oxygen and Acid Part Two – First Edition Rich Man’s Poor Man’s Cancer Treatment _ Bicarbonate and Rapid pH Shifts _ To Health Practitioners and Physicians _ Sodium Bicarbonate _ Pain Relief from Oral Bicarbonate _ Indications from Unlikely Places _ Foundational Bicarbonate Physiology _ Magnesium Bicarbonate _ Beating Back Late Stage Infections with Sodium Bicarbonate _ Oral Dosages of Bicarbonate _ Bicarbonate Maple Syrup/Black Strap Molasses _ Other Oral Bicarbonate Treatments _ Bicarbonate and Stomach Acid _ The pH Story – Acid Death Vs Alkaline Life _ Oral Cancer, Mercury and Periodontal Disease _ Sodium Bicarbonate Basics _ Why Bicarbonate and Why Not A Pharmaceutical Antifungal _ Systems Biology & Medicine _ Understanding the Condition of Cancer _ The Cancer Microbe _ The Simoncini Treatment of Cancer _ Yeast and Fungi Invaders _ Tough Little Creatures _ Pathogen Differentiation and Infectious Processes _ Cancer and Heavy Metals _ Magnesium the Lamp of Life _ Medical Marijuana and Cancer _ Cannabinoid System _ Bowel Tolerance Dosages _ Natural Supplementation _ Combining Oral with Transdermal _ To Patients about Emotions in Cancer _ In the Kitchen and House with Bicarbonate _ Product Sources

About the Author: My name is Mark Sircus Ac., OMD and I am the director of the International Medical Veritas Association (IMVA). I was trained in acupuncture and oriental medicine at the Institute of Traditional Medicine in Santa Fe, N.M., and in the School of Traditional Medicine of New England in Boston. I served at the Central Public Hospital of Pochutla, in Mexico, and was awarded the honorary title of doctor of oriental medicine for my work there in the early eighties and I was one of the first nationally certified acupuncturists in the United States. When my third child was born in 2003 I started researching vaccines and was inspired in a very short period of time to write and publish Cry of the Heart, which is about childhood vaccination. The Terror of Pediatric Medicine came three years later, which I launched as a cruise missile against the western medical establishment. It’s available as a free ebook download from the IMVA site. As you will see from the first page it is Robert F. Kennedy Jr. who is spearheading a confrontation with the worst elements of the medical industrial complex. A colossal mistake has been made and it threatens the very fabric of western medicine, whose integrity is smashed, intelligence questioned. This book confronts the cancer industry’s basic philosophy and practice by presenting comprehensive answers and a new paradigm for cancer treatment all of which is supported by empirical medical science. For customer support or consultations with Dr. Sircus please contact us at imvasupport@gmail.com or use the IMVA contact form.

Support / FAQ on Books & E-Books from Mark Sircus

Restoration of Normal Flora in the Body by ANTI-FUNGAL DIET

Garlic ANTI-FUNGAL DIET

Garlic ANTI-FUNGAL DIET

To assist in the restoration of normal flora in the body, avoidance of certain foods for a period of time is essential. These include all sweetening (except stevia extract), juice, dried fruit, vinegar, alcohol, fermented soy products (miso, tempeh, and soy sauce), cheese and yeast.

Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of normally harmless bacteria, Candida Albicans. Candida thrives on sugar, so a diet high in added sugars will feed the yeast-like bacteria and allow these microbes to flourish. A Candida overgrowth can cause a vaginal yeast infection, but can also lead to jock itch, oral thrush, canker sores and athlete’s foot. Dietary changes can help treat a yeast infection and prevent future outbreaks. If you have chronic yeast infections, see your doctor. You may need an anti-fungal medication or it could be a sign of an underlying illness.

Your body contains more than a trillion living microorganisms. Some of them are friendly bacteria that aid in digestion, boost your immune system or help you absorb nutrients and produce vitamins. Others are less friendly and can cause illness if allowed to reproduce too quickly. Candida normally live in your mouth and digestive tract and are stopped from reproducing too fast by other bacteria such as Lactobacillus acidophilus, found in yogurt. But if something upsets the balance of bacteria in your body, such as taking antibiotics, illness, diabetes or a diet high in sugar, Candida can thrive.

Anti-Fungals

Candida is actually a fungus so adding anti-fungal foods to your diet will help destroy the microbes.

Coconut oil

Coconut oil contains lauric and caprylic acids, two potent anti-fungals.

Garlic

Garlic, onions, olive oil and certain spices including oregano, cinnamon, sage, ginger and cloves may help prevent yeast infections, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.

Yogurt

Yogurt is a part of almost every anti-yeast diet because it contains probiotic bacteria. Bacteria that have beneficial effects on the human body are called probiotic. These bacteria can help digestion, help control pH balance and most importantly can kill off Candida cells.

Acidophilus is a type of probiotic — the beneficial bacteria that usually keep candida from repopulating too quickly. Fermented dairy foods such as yogurt and kefir are good sources of acidophilus. MayoClinic.com suggests eating 8 ounces of unsweetened yogurt daily to treat the symptoms of a candida overgrowth. Yogurt can also be applied topically — inserted directly into the vagina to help treat a yeast infection. Do not use yogurt with added sugars — the yeast feed on sugar. Maintain the natural balance of probiotic bacteria in your body by continuing to eat acidophilus or tale supplements even after the symptoms of your yeast infection disappear.

Probiotic bacteria favorably alter the intestinal microflora balance, inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria, promote good digestion, boost immune function, and increase resistance to infection. People with flourishing intestinal colonies of beneficial bacteria are better equipped to fight the growth of disease-causing bacteria. Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria, along with acidophilus (found in yogurt), maintain a healthy balance of intestinal flora by producing organic compounds (lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide, and acetic acid) that increase the acidity of the intestine and inhibit the reproduction of many harmful bacteria. Probiotic bacteria also produce substances called bacteriocins, which act as natural antibiotics to kill undesirable microorganisms.

Vegetables

Certain vegetables have an inhibiting effect on Candida; others are beneficial to it. Eat cabbage, garlic, spinach, broccoli, cucumber and tomatoes. Remove from your diet all vegetables containing starch (a carbohydrate), such as carrots, sweet potatoes and corn.

Vegetables (including plenty of raw garlic), protein foods (beef, chicken, eggs, fish), live yogurt cultures (both dairy and non-dairy,), whey, acidophilus, green algae (such as spirulina and chlorella), nuts, seeds and oils, and non-glutenous grains (like millet, rice, rice bran and oat bran).

Fasting

Fasting, colon cleansing, wheatgrass, fresh vegetable juices, plenty of water, detox herbs, exercise, and anything else that extracts toxins.

Pro-Fungals

Sugar

Because Candida feed on sugar, removing both natural and added sugars will help starve the yeast and treat your symptoms. Natural sugars such as fructose, found in fruits, and lactose, found in milk, feed Candida as much as added sugars found in processed foods. Not only should sugars be limited as much as possible, but foods that quickly become sugar, such as starchy vegetables, alcoholic beverages and refined grains should also be avoided. Chronic yeast infections are often a sign of undiagnosed or poorly controlled diabetes because Candida thrives if you have high blood sugar levels.

Taking antibiotics, illness, diabetes or a diet high in sugar, Candida can thrive.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates (especially sugar) are your enemy in the fight against Candida. Carbohydrates are a very good source of nutrition for Candida cells, allowing them to sustain themselves and grow further. Avoid alcohol because of its high sugar content.

Some Yeast Products

Beer, cheese, some types of bread, mushrooms and vinegar all contain yeas–or yeast is used in producing them. Aged cheeses, alcohol, chocolate, dried fruits, fresh fruits, fermented foods, mushrooms, vinegar, glutenous foods (wheat, rye, barley), all sugars, honeys and syrups (that includes any ‘ose’, like lactose, sucrose etc), and foods that contain yeast or mold (breads, muffins, cakes, baked goods, cheese, dried fruits, melons, peanuts – although nutritional and brewer’s yeasts are not harmful, as they do not colonize in the intestines). Nutritional yeast is deactivated yeast, often a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Baker’s yeast is of the species Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Some species of yeast are opportunistic pathogens that can cause infection in people with compromised immune systems. Two genera of yeasts stand out as human pathogens, one being Cryptococcus sp. and the other Candida sp.

Cryptococcus neoformans is a significant pathogen of immune-compromised people causing the disease termed cryptococcosis. This disease occurs in about 7–9% of AIDS patients in the USA, and a slightly smaller percentage (3–6%) in western Europe. The cells of the yeast are surrounded by a rigid polysaccharide capsule, which helps to prevent them from being recognized and engulfed by white blood cells in the human body.

Yeasts of the Candida genus are another group of opportunistic pathogens that causes oral and vaginal infections in humans, known as candidiasis. Candida is commonly found as a commensal yeast in the mucus membranes of humans and other warm-blooded animals. However, sometimes these same strains can become pathogenic. Here the yeast cells sprout a hyphal outgrowth, which locally penetrates the mucosal membrane, causing irritation and shedding of the tissues. The pathogenic yeasts of candidiasis in probable descending order of virulence for humans are: C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. stellatoidea, C. glabrata, C. krusei, C. parapsilosis, C. guilliermondii, C. viswanathii, C. lusitaniae, and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa.[81] Candida glabrata is the second most common Candida pathogen after C. albicans, causing infections of the urogenital tract, and of the bloodstream (candidemia).

Caffeinated Beverages

According to the experts at Candidadiet.com, caffeine is a source of energy and nutrition for yeast, giving the Candida the same type of boost it does to the person suffering from the Candida. Avoid any beverage that contains caffeine, even if the amount is small.

Antibiotics

Baking soda, cancer and fungus

Baking soda, cancer and fungus

Baking soda, cancer and fungus

Baking soda, cancer and fungus

Natural News Network, Wednesday, May 16, 2012 by: Mark Sircus., AC, OMD

(NaturalNews) The cancer industry is closing in on baking soda and beginning to do research in earnest about sodium bicarbonate and how it is a primary tool in the treatment of fungus. Cancer is a fungus, can be caused by a fungus, or is accompanied by late-stage fungal infections, and now the Mayo Clinic confirms this. They are not the first to say so though. Many, even from the official world of orthodox oncology, recognize the similarities of cancer and fungal infections, the decay that ties these two together in a dance that all too often ends in miserable death.

The Mayo Clinic is saying that a fungal infection of the gastrointestinal tract mimics cancer and inflammatory bowel disease. The invasive fungus, Basidiobolus ranarum, is typically found in the soil, decaying organic matterand the gastrointestinal tracts of fish, reptiles, amphibians, and bats.

Patients with this fungal infection had non-specific symptoms such as abdominal pain or a mass that could be felt on examination. Before a conclusive diagnosis of the fungal infection was made, most patients were thought to have abdominal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease or diverticulitis. Surgical resection of the area of involvement and prolonged antifungal therapy successfully treated most patients.

Interestingly, a few years ago researchers at Johns Hopkins were surprised that the drug itraconazole, commonly used to treat toenail fungus, can also block angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels commonly seen in cancers. Tumor angiogenesis is the proliferation of a network of blood vessels that penetrates into cancerous growths, supplying nutrients and oxygen and removing waste products. Cancer researchers studying the conditions necessary for cancer metastasis have discovered that angiogenesis is one of the critical events required for metasteses to occur. In mice induced to have excess blood vessel growth, treatment with itraconazole reduced blood vessel growth by 67% compared to placebo. “We were surprised, to say the least, that itraconazole popped up as a potential blocker of angiogenesis,” says Dr. Jun O. Liu, professor of pharmacology. “We couldn’t have predicted that an antifungal drug would have such a role.” Itraconazole was found to reduce the numbers of circulating cancer cells, prevent the worsening of prostate cancers, and delay the need for chemotherapy. However, it has serious side effects when given in the necessary high dosages that include hypertension, low potassium levels and fluid retention. These side effects require treatment with other medications. Effects of high doses of itraconazole could lead to heart failure.

For two decades John Hopkins has recognized the increasing frequency of severe fungal infections in patients with neoplastic diseases. Most fungal infections are caused by the commonly recognized opportunistic fungi Candida spp and Aspergillus spp, and the pathogenic fungi Cryptococcus neoformans, Histoplasma capsulatum, Coccidiodes immitis, and less often by Blastomyces dermatidis. However, recently newer pathogens such as Pheohyphomycetes, Hyalohyphomycetes, Zygomycetes and other fungi of emerging importance such as Torulopsis glabrata, Trichosporon beigelii, Malassezia spp, Saccharomyces spp, Hansenula spp, Rhodotorula spp, and Geotrichum candidum have appeared as significant causes of infection in this patient population.

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