Reinvent Democracy by Creating Three Dimensional 3D Democracy

Mo Ibrahim and CDC Commonwealth Development Corporation

Mo Ibrahim and CDC Commonwealth Development Corporation

Mohamed “Mo” Ibrahim was born in Sudan; Ibrahim earned a Bachelor of Science from Alexandria University in Electrical Engineering. He started working in England and earned a master’s degree from the University of Bradford in Electronics and Electrical Engineering, and a PhD from the University of Birmingham in Mobile Communications.
In 2007 Ibrahim was awarded an Honorary Doctorate in Economics by the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies, and in 2011 an Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from the University of Pennsylvania.
A respected international philanthropist, Mo Ibrahim is credited with “transforming a continent” and is thought to be the “most powerful black man in Britain”.

Ibrahim was born in Sudan in 1946 and describes himself as Nubian. Educated at the Nubian school in Alexandria, then at the faculty of engineering, he worked for the national telecoms company in Khartoum before moving to Britain with Hania in 1974 to study for a master in electrical engineering at Bradford. He followed this with a PhD at Birmingham, where he also taught, specialising in the then-unfashionable field of mobile communications. His pioneering academic work involved the reuse of radio frequencies. In 1983, BT lured him away from academia to be the technical director of its infant company, Cellnet (now O2).

Celtel was founded by Mo Ibrahim, originally known as “MSI Cellular Investments“. The company began operating in 1998. In January 2004, the company name was changed to “Celtel International”. In April 2005 the company was acquired by and became a subsidiary of Zain (formerly MTC, the Mobile Telecommunications Company).

Mo Ibrahim says: “In 1998, when I decided to launch a project to explore setting up mobile communications in Africa (which later became the company Celtel), the consulting firm I was running had 800 employees. We had few problems. We billed our clients, and revenue came in. Celtel started out with just five employees. Although the consulting firm provided our initial investment, I spent a significant amount of time raising capital: $16 million in the first year, to acquire licenses and begin building infrastructure, and ultimately more than $415 million during our first five years. With funding established, we had to design, build, and operate phone systems in countries with antiquated or nonexistent infrastructure.”
Some Africa experts query the work of his foundation, but no one criticises his personal manner and style.

In a video posted on YouTube on 14 April 2014 titled (Game Changers Africa – Mo Ibrahim – YouTube) it says at 7:27 “Lord Simon Cairn was the head of CDC (formerly the Commonwealth Development Corporation, and previous to that, the Colonial Development Corporation) at the time, one of the biggest emerging markets venture capital firms, he was later appointed as the chairman of Celtel and worked closely Ibrahim in getting the company up and running”
Lord Simon Cairn said: “the British government agency which I was chairman was the…. one of the major backers indeed throughout the life of Celtel as an independent company ….”.
CDC Group plc is a Development Finance Institution owned by the UK Government. The Department for International Development is responsible for CDC, with shareholder duties managed by the Shareholder Executive. It has an investment portfolio valued around £2.8 billion and is focused on the emerging markets of Asia, Africa and Latin America, with particular emphasis on South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

Criticisms of CDC

CDC was the subject of extensive investigations by the magazine Private Eye, which devoted seven pages to criticising the organisation in September 2010. Amongst other allegations, it claimed that CDC had moved away from financing beneficial international development towards seeking large profits from schemes that enriched CDC’s managers while bringing little or no benefit to the poor; and that when Actis was spun out it was given an “implausibly low valuation”. The Actis deal was also the subject of criticism by British politicians.

CDC Review and Reform

On 12 October 2010, the Secretary of State for International Development, Andrew Mitchell announced to Parliament that the British Government was to reconfigure CDC, saying that whilst he applauded its financial success, it had also “become less directly engaged in serving the needs of development”. On 22 October 2010 the International Development Committee announced that it was to conduct an inquiry into CDC to examine issues such as its effectiveness and possible reforms, including its abolition. Their report was published on 3 March 2011 with the government’s response delivered on 18 May 2011. In 2011 CDC implemented a new business plan, focusing its investments on the poorer countries of South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, as well as once again providing direct investments to businesses alongside its fund of funds model.

Actis Capital LLP (commonly known as Actis) is a private equity firm headquartered in the London Borough of Southwark. It is focused on investments in emerging markets in Africa, China, India, Latin America, and South East Asia. Actis has over 100 investment professionals located in nine countries around the emerging markets.
Actis was formed in July 2004, as a spinout of CDC Group plc (formerly the Commonwealth Development Corporation), an organization established by the UK Government in 1948 to invest in developing economies in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean. The Actis management team acquired majority ownership of CDC’s emerging markets investment platform.
Actis has US$4.5 billion of capital under management across three global emerging markets funds and a series of smaller, focused regional funds. Actis closed its Actis Emerging Markets 3 fund with $2.9 billion of investor commitments. The fund was launched in September 2007 with an original target of $2.5 billion. CDC remains an active sponsor of Actis’ investment activities, committing $650 million to the firm’s third fund.

In 2007, UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown came under attack over the sell-off of Actis after it became apparent that the formerly government-owned business had made millions of pounds for its former employees.
On 1 May 2012 the Secretary of State for International Development, Andrew Mitchell, announced that the state’s remaining 40% stake had been sold to the Actis management for an initial £8m. The deal also included a share of future profits that could be worth over £62m to the UK Government.
In August 2013, Actis acquired the South African firm Transaction Capital’s payment services unit, Paycorp, for $95 million.
In October 2013, the firm announced it had invested $48 million in the Indian pharmaceuticals company Symbiotec Pharmalab for a “significant stake”.[

Simon Cairns, 6th Earl Cairns
Cairns is CVO, CBE (born 27 May 1939), styled Viscount Garmoyle between 1946 and 1989, is a British businessman.
Cairns was Managing Director of S. G. Warburg & Co. between 1979 and 1985, of Mercury Securities plc between 1981 and 1984, Chairman of Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO) between 1981 and 1992, Vice-Chairman of Mercury Securities plc between 1984 and 1986, and a Director of S. G. Warburg & Co. between 1985 and 1995. He succeeded his father in the earldom on 21 March 1989. He was Receiver-General of the Duchy of Cornwall between 1990 and 2000. He was Chief Executive of S. G. Warburg & Co. between 1991 and 1995. He was invested as a Commander, Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1992. He was Chairman of CDC Group plc from 1995. He was chairman of BAT plc between 1995 and 1998, and was Vice-Chairman of Zurich Allied AG and Zurich Financial Services between 1998 and 2000. He was Chairman of Allied Zurich between 1998 and 2000. Cairns was invested as a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (C.V.O.) in 2000.
He was appointed Chairman of the African telecommunications company Celtel in October 2007 and is currently a board member of the charity The Mo Ibrahim Foundation, alongside Mary Robinson and Kofi Annan.

S. G. Warburg & Co.
It was a London-based investment bank. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. The firm was acquired by Swiss Bank Corporation in 1995 and ultimately became a part of UBS.
This bank was founded in 1946 by Siegmund Warburg, a member of the Warburg family, a prominent German-Jewish banking family and Henry Grunfeld, a former industrialist in the German steel industry. Warburg and Grunfeld, who was also Jewish, had fled Nazi Germany in the 1930s.
S.G. Warburg and Co. was recognized for its pioneering mergers and takeover work in the UK in the 1960s, including the first ever hostile takeover in the UK and the first ever Eurobond issue, which fostered the new Eurodollar market. A significant event in the firm’s rise to prominence was the acquisition of Seligman Bros. in 1957; through this, Warburgs gained a place on the Accepting Houses Committee composed of the seventeen top merchant banks with access to cheap capital backed by the Bank of England.
The period 1958/9 saw the Aluminium War when Tube Investments, advised by S. G. Warburg & Co, fought a fierce and ultimately successful battle to acquire British Aluminium.
The bank gained clients and grew rapidly in the 1960s and 1970s, its strong work ethic and rigorous intellectual culture standing in stark contrast to the gentlemanly and clubbable milieu of the traditional City houses. A major participant in the “Big Bang” reforms of the 1980s under the leadership of its Chief Executive Sir David Scholey.
Following another flawed and costly expansion into the US, in 1994 a merger was announced with Morgan Stanley, but the talks collapsed.
The following year S.G. Warburg was purchased by Swiss Bank Corporation. Swiss Bank Corporation merged S.G. Warburg with its own existing investment banking unit to create SBC Warburg, which became a leading player in global investment banking. In 1997, SBC Warburg was merged with U.S. investment bank Dillon, Read & Co. to create Warburg Dillon Read.
After the merger of Swiss Bank Corporation and Union Bank of Switzerland in 1998, Warburg Dillon Read was renamed UBS Warburg. The Warburg name was finally retired in 2003 when the investment banking operation of UBS was renamed UBS Investment Bank.

The big questions are:
1- How an employed engineer raised a $ 16 million capital to establish his first business company in Uganda?
2- Is it normal to a beginner entrepreneur to establish a wealth of more than US$1.1 billion in about 15 years only?
3- What are the interests of a security company, such as Securicor, have to do with telecommunications and cell phones?
4- Why O2 was formed in 1985 as Cellnet, a 60:40 joint venture between BT Group and Securicor?
5- Why telecommunication companies rebrand themselves and change ownership very often despite of their huge profitability?
6- Why Mo Ibrahim left active but short lucrative business career and switched to a philanthropist foundation of leadership and governance in Africa?

And above all what are the roles and interests of CDC Group plc (formerly the Commonwealth Development Corporation, and previous to that, the Colonial Development Corporation) in establishing and managing Celtel?
Off course the budget and objectives of Mo Ibrahim Foundation which comes from the apparent founder of Celtel must also be put under scrutiny.
Do the CDC Group and their spin offs have anything to do with affecting external regime change and espionage in Africa and the World under the covers of business and communication?

Mo Ibrahim Victim or Example of Organized Capitalism

Mo Ibrahim Victim or Example of Organized Capitalism

Dr Mohamed “Mo” Ibrahim (Arabic: محمد إبراهيم‎; born 1946) is a Sudanese-British mobile communications entrepreneur and billionaire. Ibrahim was employed by British Telecom for a time, and later worked as the technical director for Cellnet, a subsidiary of British Telecom. During the early 1980s Ibrahim taught undergraduate telecommunication courses at Thames Polytechnic later to become University of Greenwich.
In 1989 he founded MSI. In 1998, MSI spun off MSI-Cellular Investments, later renamed Celtel, as a mobile phone operator in Africa.
After selling Celtel in 2005 for $3.4 billion, he set up the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to encourage better governance in Africa, as well as creating the Mo Ibrahim Index, to evaluate nations’ performance. He is also a member of the Africa Regional Advisory Board of London Business School.
He was born in 1946; Residence in Monte Carlo, Monaco and Mayfair, London, United Kingdom; his citizenship is from the United Kingdom; Alma mater: Alexandria University (1974), University of Bradford (????) and University of Birmingham (????); Occupation: Businessman and engineer; his net wealth is above US$1.1 billion.
The big questions are:
1 – How an employed engineer raised a $ 16 million capital to establish his first business company in Uganda?
2- Is it normal to a beginner entrepreneur to establish a wealth of more than US$1.1 billion in about 15 years only?
3- What are the interests of a security company, such as Securicor, have to do with telecommunications and cell phones?
4- Why O2 was formed in 1985 as Cellnet, a 60:40 joint venture between BT Group and Securicor?
5- Why telecommunication companies rebrand themselves and change ownership very often despite of their huge profitability?
6- Why Mo Ibrahim left active but short lucrative business career and switched to a philanthropist foundation of leadership and governance in Africa?

After reading many accounts and interviews about the fast and amazing climb to wealth by Dr. Mo Ibrahim it appears logical to come to the following analysis:
1- Greed and not talent is the most important quality to become very rich.
2- Secret societies are the fully driving force in organized capitalism, and not markets.
3- Lords of wealth may give capital but they shall own the funded businesses.
4- Once you are on board to become rich you are not in control of your own destiny.
5- Once you become rich you are hostage and property to the system forever. (Like in Hotel California song)
6- The case is an example of how organized capitalism works and rots; and must be taught in colleges.
7- Your family and your personal choices are included in the capitalist project.
8- Collecting and selling information is absolutely the biggest businesses in this era.
9- No need to pay most taxes if you are serving the system abroad and you are compliant.
10- Citizenship in capitalist states may be given to bank accounts and not to individuals.
11- You are allowed to be very rich but not to reach super rich status.
12- Interests of banks are paramount those of nations, governments and humanity.
13- Giving bribes to heads of states and senior officials are necessary to avoid delays and junior kickbacks.
14- Issuing mobile prepaid scratch is like unofficially printing money and writing bank checks.
15- Foreign businesses can sell local services locally but still transfer national wealth abroad.
16- Telecommunication businesses are made intentionally excessively profitable.
17- Spending money in creating temporary businesses is recoverable by using then selling them.
18- Similarity in spin off firms’ names is common practice for switching between owners and markets.
19- Investing in human resources development is not good for philanthropist capitalists.
20- Corruption in Europe is mostly acceptable and allowed at top levels but forbidden at low levels.
21- Academic degrees and professional credentials are also market tools for capitalist business prestige.
22- Places like Monte Carlo are suitable for shelving expired rich human products.
23- The very rich must keep the true stories of their success to themselves.
24- Laws and regulations are made to deter and control common people who are out of the system.
25- The rule of supply and demands applies to the market of chances of easy profits before markets.
These conclusions might be wrong; but the witness on the truth in this particular case is only the honesty of Dr. Mo Ibrahim.

New Steel; Concrete & Brick Composite Building System without internal frame of my creation

Composite Building System with frame details

Composite Building System with frame details

Steel Covered Composite Building System 1 without frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 1 without frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 2 without frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 2 without frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 3 without frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 3 without frame

New Steel; Concrete & Brick Composite Building System with internal frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 1 with frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 1 with frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 2 with frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 2 with frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 3 with frame

Steel Covered Composite Building System 3 with frame

The West is NOT Genius

West allow big and abroad criminality

West allow big and abroad criminality

“The West is not genius, and we’re not stupid, they only support the failed to succeed, and we fight the successful so to fail.” Professor Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian Chemist and US citizen, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry for 1999.
I add to this wise say: The rise of the West does not mean that they are people with a good conscience, but their rise is because the institutions in the West allow big and abroad criminality and forbid internal and small criminality; while our invalid institutions and wealthy thrive on local and petty criminality.
Success does not mean participating in corruption, but it is a commitment to principles. Thus success is not measured by money and fame, but it is measured by sleeping well and self-satisfaction.
We must not feel failed, but feel outraged.
You would really be a failure when you chase common and wrong understanding even if you’re famous and you have a lot of money.

مقولة د.أحمد زويل عالم كيميائي مصري وأمريكي الجنسية حاصل على جائزة نوبل في الكيمياء لسنة 1999
“الغرب ليسوا عباقرة ونحن لسنا أغبياء، ھم فقط يدعمون الفاشل حتى ينجح، ونحن نحارب الناجح حتى يفشل”
أضيف لمقولة د.أحمد زويل
أن علو شأن الغرب لا يعني أنهم ذوي ضمير صالح و لكن علوهم لأن مؤسسات الغرب تبيح الإجرام الكبير و الخارجي و تحرم الإجرام الصغير و الداخلي بينما أشباه مؤسساتنا و أغنياءنا يقتاتوا بالإجرام التافه المحلي
النجاح لا يعني المشاركة في الفساد و لكن هو الإلتزام بالمباديء
فالنجاح لا يقاس بالمال و لا الصيت و لكنه يقاس بالنوم الهنيء و الرضي عن الذات
يجب علينا ألا نشعر بالفشل و لكن بالحنق
ستكون فاشلا حقا عندما تلهث وراء فهم سائد و خاطيء حتي لو كنت مشهور و لديك أموال طائلة

The Sudan in My Opinion

The Sudan in My Opinion—–السودان في رأيي الشخصي

The States of The Sudan

The States of The Sudan

Failures & Human Rights Violations Al-Huda Prison Centre in Sudan

Failures & Human Rights Violations Al-Huda Prison Centre in Sudan

1) Deliberate system of random distribution of inmates to cause harm, corruption and humiliation
2) Extortion of inmates as soon as they receive gifts and money from visitors and grab them
3) Exercise of the officers and soldiers of ugly black trade with the help of some mean inmates
4) Blackmail inmates as soon as they confiscate their cell phones to pay a bribe for retrieval
5) Blackmail and force inmates to pay bribes to transfer them from disgusting and dangerous wards
6) Prison’s hospital pharmacy almost empty and does not serve purposes of treatment and life-saving
7) Prison hospital operates with less than the minimum of basic materials and wounds dressings
8) Very large shortage in numbers of doctors ; nurses; and staff and in working hours and performance
9) Failure to provide adequate water for drinking and hygiene regularly in the wards and the sections
10) Very large number of flies and mosquitoes and lice and infectious diseases and lack of sanitation
11) Unjustified insult; humiliation and beating against inmates and causing serious bodily harm
12) Failure to provide the minimum of necessary clothes; blankets and personal hygiene items
13) Confiscation of inmates servings of meat and vegetables and trading it for them publicly
14) Poor design; construction and maintenance of buildings; furniture and fixtures; and misappropriation
15) Failure to provide the minimum responsibilities of reform; guidance and social care
16) Ignoring the needs of inmates to get the necessary services; counseling and assistance
17) Appointment of villainous inmates as assistants and heads of wards and sections
18) Silence and help some repeat offenders to commit crimes in and from inside the prison
19) The behavior and appearance of the officers and soldiers lack discipline; role models and respect
20) Weak oversight and internal audit and communication between senior management with inmates
21) Poor distribution of meals and total shortage of the essential eating utensils
22) Imposition of monthly fees upon inmates, citing flimsy reasons and to keep them in their wards
23) Demanding bribes from inmates to accompany them to the offices of the essential services in prison
24) No records and no saving for inmates’ personal belongings and documents at the first admission
25) Unlawful confiscation of personal belongings and cell phones of inmates, instead of saving them
26) Punishing; beating; transferring; insulting and threatening inmates who report violations and crimes

I have been harmed by the staff of that prison and I am seeking legal protection and assistance to get justice and to protect inmates and human rights in Sudan.

I wish I can find your help and advice. Thanks

من هم صناع مصائب السودان

من هم صناع مصائب السودان

توجد قبيلة وافدة واحدة في السودان يمكن ان يلقبوا بكل جدارة بصناع مصائب السودان
من هؤلاء؟ و من أين توا؟
لمعرف الإجابة يجب التساؤل عمن هم وراء المصائب التالية منذ خراب سوبا

لماذا إندلعت حروب طويلة و تقتيل و فتن التي أدت إلي إنفصال جنوب السودان ؟
لماذا تدور حروب و أعمال إبادة في دارفور في غرب السودان و في جبال النوبة و النيل الأزرق ؟
لماذا ترفض حكومات الخرطوم تضمين إستمارات عمليات الإحصاء لبيانات اللغة الأم و القبيلة و تاريخ التجنس ؟
لماذا يفرض علي قبائل السودان اللغة و التقاليد العربية و يتم إضعاف منظم للغات السودانية و الثقافات الأصيلة ؟
لماذا يتم إجبار و إرهاب القبائل السودانية الأصيلة لإتباع نسخ مشوهة و متطرفة من الدين الإسلامي ؟
لماذا تهمل الثقافات و القوميات و المذاهب و يضيق علي الحريات الشخصية و حريات الإعتقاد في السودان ؟
لماذا يتم صناعة أحزاب سياسية فاسدة و إنقلابات عسكرية لتحطيم محاولات الإصلاح السياسي و حكم الشعب ؟
لماذا يتم تهميش و منع التنمية متعمد و منظم للقبائل السودانية الأصيلة في غرب و جنوب و شرق و شمال السودان ؟
لماذا يحتكر إقليم وسط السودان الثروة و السلطة التي ورثوها نتيجة لتعاونهم و تواطئهم مع مستعمري السودان ؟
لماذا يستخدم الفساد و الإقصاء القبلي في الأراضي و الأسواق و القوات النظامية و الشركات و الخدمة الحكومية ؟
لماذا يتم إستجلاب و تجنيس و تمكين وافدين أجانب بما يخالف قوانين الجنسية و التجنس و الهجرة و الإقامة ؟
لماذا يتم غض البصر عن وافدين غير شرعيين جدد من دول بعيدة و يتضهد و يلاحق اللاجئين من دول الجوار ؟
لماذا يتم قيام و تسليح و دعم و تشريع مليشيات لقتال القبائل السودانية الأصيلة و لخلق فتن و صراعات فيما بينها ؟
لماذا تستخدم الفوضي الإدارية و القانونية لإثراء أشخاص محددين و تنفير و إقصاء و تهجير الكفاءات السودانية ؟
لماذا يستخدم الإعلام و الصحافة و الرياضة و الفن و المساجد و التعليم لتضليل و تجهيل و إلهاء الجماهير السودانية ؟
لماذا يتم تزوير تاريخ السودان القديم و الحديث بشكل منهجي و يتم إختلاق إشكالية الهوية القومية و الوطنية ؟
لماذا يتم تجاهل تاريخ و آثار مؤسسات و تجارة الرق و نتائجها السياسية و الإجتماعية و الإقتصادية في السودان ؟
لماذا يتم صناعة قبائل لا ترتبط بتاريخ و قوميات السودان و إدعاء أصول كاذبة لإعطائهم مشروعية و دعم أجنبي ؟
لماذا تنحاز سياسات الخرطوم الخارجية و الإعلامية و التعليمية و الأمنية و الإقتصادية ضد محيطها الإفريقي الطبيعي ؟

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